ARV/ART treatment for HIV/AIDS

The treatment of HIV infection as a chronic manageable disease, instead of a fatal one, has become a reality thanks to ART treatment.

How ART treatment is saving lives.

Does ARV/ART treatment save HIV-positive people?

According to AllLife’s medical experts, whilst HIV/AIDS remains a global health issue, South Africa has been experiencing an impressive reduction in mortality since the introduction of more generally available Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) treatment. As a result, the concept of treating HIV infection as a chronic manageable disease has come closer to reality.

“The introduction of ART to people living with HIV/AIDS in South Africa has significantly modified the course of the disease into a chronic manageable one, with longer survival and improved quality of life,” said Dr Avron Urison, Medical Director at AllLife.

He pointed out that research was done by the Actuarial Society of South Africa (ASSA) highlighted the dramatic changes in mortality. “Life expectancy at birth showed a sharp decline from 1994 to 2006 as a result of the AIDS epidemic. Total population life expectancy had fallen to 54 years by 2003 (from 62 years in 1994) and remained there until 2005.13 Since then, life expectancy at birth has improved meaningfully with the help of the aggressive roll-out of ART. According to ASSA2008, which was published in 2011, life expectancy would have improved to 58 years by 2014. However, using more up-to-date data from the RMS report of 2014 (Dorrington et al., 2014), the increase is even more pronounced with total population life expectancy in 2014 estimated at 62.9 years. While advances in medical technology and greater access to medical facilities, in general, would have contributed to this improvement, we believe that accelerated ART roll-out is a significant driver. The indications are that life expectancy has improved even further since 2014, especially in the light of the Department of Health’s (DoH) change in CD4 count threshold in 2011 to 350 cells/μl, and could increase even further following the change in the CD4 count threshold to 500 cells/μl (effective January 2015). Emerging threats to these mortality improvements include increasing drug resistance, rising frequencies of drug stock-outs and patients not adhering to prescribed treatment programmes.”

Urison held that the increased longevity of people living with HIV is owed not only to the large ART treatment coverage in South Africa but also in the range of management programs that help people remain adherent to proper therapy and empower people, through the provision of key health information, to take care of themselves.

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In this light, AllLife, providers of comprehensive life cover to people living with HIV, links its insurance products to their own, free, in-house, adherence management program which ensures that their clients are able to manage their health appropriately and empowers them to take action to maintain their own wellbeing – this would include information related to when to complete blood tests and how and when to take anti-retroviral medications.

However, he added, that pre-test (in addition to post-test) counselling also plays a significant role in the process.

“The purpose of pre-test counselling is to provide one with information on the strict phases of testing and the possible medical, social and psychological implications should one be diagnosed as HIV positive,” Morrison pointed out. “Basically, this paves way for people living with HIV/AIDS to acquire all the information necessary to benefit from increased access to antiretroviral treatment provided.”

He said that people living with HIV/AIDS need to acquire more information from their insurers, doctors and community health centres on the medication they take, as well as on the disease in general.

“That way, the fear that people living with HIV/AIDS have of their health deteriorating after commencing treatment, will cease,” Urison said.

Does HIV impact your ability to access healthcare?

The effects of HIV/AIDS on medical schemes in South Africa

We all have questions.

Below are some of the answers to the most common questions that you need to know.

What is usually the first sign of HIV?

After getting infected with HIV, most patients only experience moderate flu-like symptoms. Typically, the illness is sudden in onset and is characterised by fever, swelling of the lymph glands, a measles-like rash all over the body and ulcers in the mouth and sometimes on the genitalia.

What are the 4 stages of HIV?

  • Stage 1: Infection – Exposure to infected bodily fluids.
  • Stage 2: Asymptomatic – HIV quickly spreads and the patient becomes seropositive for HIV antibodies.
  • Stage 3: Symptomatic – The immune system is now engaged in a constant battle with the rapidly replicating virus.
  • Stage 4: AIDS – At this stage, the patient’s CD4+ count is 200 cells per mm3 or less.

How soon can HIV be detected by a blood test?

No test can detect HIV immediately after infection. The time between initial infection and a detectable viral load is called the window period. It can take anywhere from 2-12 weeks to after exposure detect whether you are HIV-positive or not, depending on which testing method is used.

How long does it take to show symptoms of HIV?

Following initial infection, there is a period of intense, unchecked viral replication that occurs. It usually takes two to four weeks after infection and can last about one to two weeks, after which there tends to be a slight recovery, and the infected individual is considered to be seropositive for HIV antibodies.

How is HIV transmitted?

HIV is transmitted from one person to another through the exchange of body fluids. The main method of transmission in South Africa is through unprotected sexual activity.

Does HIV test affect life insurance?

Being HIV-positive can affect standard life insurance policies, particularly if your status changes from HIV-negative to HIV-positive within a particular age range. That’s why AllLife covers all lives. Your HIV status doesn’t prevent you from getting cover with us.

Can HIV-positive women have children?

Yes, HIV-positive women can enjoy healthy pregnancies and give birth to healthy HIV-negative babies. Through the Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission (PMTCT) programme has been highly effective in reducing transmission risk to under 1%.

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