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How to Test for Diabetes.

Diabetes shows itself in a number of ways and can vary from one patient to another.

How to Test for Diabetes.

Know what to expect when you test for Diabetes

Diabetes shows itself in a number of ways and can vary from one patient to another. Despite this, there is some common ground which helps us all understand when it’s time to get tested for an official diagnosis.

Types of Diabetes

Your specific type of Diabetes can only be confirmed through medical diagnosis, that will involve a series of blood and blood sugar (glucose) tests. There are three different types of Diabetes:

  • Type 1/Juvenile Diabetes: This occurs when your body is unable to produce insulin, the hormone responsible for enabling your body to process blood sugar or glucose. It’s most often linked to an underlying health or genetic problem or disorder.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: This type is often associated with obesity, and is largely preventable, by ensuring you eat a healthy diet, get enough sleep, and take part in regular exercise. It’s a chronic health condition where your body’s ability to produce insulin, and therefore process blood sugar or glucose is significantly impaired.
  • Gestational Diabetes: This type of Diabetes only develops in pregnant mothers, and ends once she gives birth.

Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes

If you are concerned that you may be developing Diabetes, check to see if you are experiencing any of these signs and symptoms:

  • Excessive thirst over a prolonged period.
  • Need to urinate frequently.
  • Significant weight loss or gain.
  • You find yourself fatigued, tired, and irritable, on a regular basis.
  • Wounds, cuts, and boils take a long time to heal.
  • You are experiencing blurred vision.
  • You find that your hands and feet are often tingly or numb.

Understand more about Diabetes and how to live a happy, healthy life as a Diabetic.

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How to Test for Diabetes

Only your doctor or clinic sister can confirm a diagnosis of Diabetes, and they’ll do so by having you undergo a batch of blood and blood sugar/glucose tests. These may include:

  • A random blood sugar/glucose test.
  • A fasting blood sugar/glucose test, where you’ll need to fast for 8 to 12 hours before having blood taken.
  • An oral glucose tolerance test, whereby you fast for 8 to 12 hours, and then drink a sugary liquid.
  • A glycated haemoglobin (A1C) test, that measures your blood sugar/glucose level over the past few months.

Do You Have a Question?

If you are concerned about your health, book an appointment with your doctor or clinic sister. They’re best suited to assess your health, prescribe any required treatment, and monitor your wellbeing. For any further information on Diabetes, you can check out our Diabetes facts.

Sources:

Cunha, JP. 2019. Diabetes early symptoms and signs. MedicineNet. 7 August. Available at: https://www.medicinenet.com/diabetes_symptoms_in_men/article.htm [Accessed 9 September 2019].

Galan, N. 2018. What are the early signs of type 2 diabetes?. 26 September. Available at: https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/323185.php [Accessed 9 September 2019].

Mayoclinic. 2019. Diabetes Diagnosis. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/diagnosis-treatment/drc-20371451 [Accessed 9 September 2019].

NHSInform. 2019. Diabetes. 1 August. Available at: https://www.nhsinform.scot/illnesses-and-conditions/diabetes/diabetes [Accessed 9 September 2019].

Volpe, Kd. 2017. Who should be tested for diabetes, and how is diabetes diagnosed?. EndocrineWeb. Available at: https://www.endocrineweb.com/conditions/diabetes/who-should-be-tested-diabetes-how-diabetes-diagnosed [Accessed 9 September 2019].

WebMD. 2019. Early Signs and Symptoms of Diabetes. Available at: https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/guide/understanding-diabetes-symptoms#1 [Accessed 9 September 2019].

We all have questions.

Below are some of the answers to the most common questions that you need to know.

Which is worse – Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes?

“Worse” is a harsh comparison. The difference between these two types of Diabetes is that Type 1 requires insulin, and it never goes away. Type 2 requires consistent effort and can be managed over your lifetime.

What is the normal HbA1C level?

It is generally accepted that you should maintain HbA1C below 8%. The following guidelines are suggested by the South African Diabetes Association:

  • 4 – 6% Non-diabetic range. 
  • < 7% Well-controlled diabetic 7% – 8% Acceptable diabetic control > 8% 
  • Poor diabetic control needs attention.
What is the main cause of Diabetes?

Diabetes (Type 1) is usually a predisposed or genetically inherited condition. Diabetes (Type 2) is caused by lifestyle choices. Gestational Diabetes can be caused by either genetics or lifestyle choices.

What are the first signs of diabetes?
  • Excessive thirst over a prolonged period.
  • Increased frequency in the need to urinate.
  • Significant weight loss or gain.
  • You find yourself fatigued, tired, and irritable, on a regular basis.
  • Open or ruptured wounds take a long time to heal.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Tingling sensations in your hands and feet.
Can you get life insurance if you have Diabetes?

Yes. AllLife can help you get up to R10million life insurance, as either a Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetic.

Can I test myself for Diabetes?

Although you can easily test your own blood glucose levels at any time, only your doctor, nurse, or clinic team can confirm a Diabetes diagnosis. This is because a series of specific tests are required for diagnosis.

Up to R10 million Life Cover for people living with Diabetes.

Simply fill in your details below and we'll call you back.

What will I be covered for?

With just one phone call, you could be offered comprehensive Diabetic Life Cover and Diabetic Disability Cover (optional). A simple underwriting process is completed once you’ve signed up, usually consisting of common blood tests, to determine if full cover can be continued.

What happens after I‘m covered?

After you’re covered you can enjoy the benefit of our Health Control Programme where we remind and assist you when it comes to regular tests and checkups, ensuring that you live a healthy and happy life.

Remember, life cover gets more expensive as you get older, so your premium will never be lower than it is today.

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*Risk Profile Dependent, Premiums increase by 6% every year and can be reviewed given 30 days' notice.