What is Diabetes?
Understand what Diabetes Mellitus is, what causes it and how your body is affected by this chronic condition.
What is Diabetes?
Just as your car needs fuel in order to drive, the cells in your body need fuel to provide energy for living, breathing, seeing and thinking. This fuel comes from the food we eat, which is digested and is absorbed into the bloodstream as glucose, a form of sugar.
To be absorbed and used by the body cells, this glucose needs the assistance of a hormone called Insulin, which is normally produced by a gland called the pancreas.
Diabetes Mellitus is a condition in which this mechanism of producing and/or using insulin ceases to work normally, and your body is unable to use glucose normally.
Understand more about Diabetes and how to live a happy, healthy life as a Diabetic.
Leave your details below to get more lifestyle tips, updates on medical research, and other resources to help you and your family live a healthy happy life in the presence of Diabetes.
We all have questions.
Below are some of the answers to the most common questions that you need to know.
Which is worse – Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetes?
“Worse” is a harsh comparison. The difference between these two types of Diabetes is that Type 1 requires insulin, and it never goes away. Type 2 requires consistent effort and can be managed over your lifetime.
What is the normal HbA1C level?
It is generally accepted that you should maintain HbA1C below 8%. The following guidelines are suggested by the South African Diabetes Association:
- 4 – 6% Non-Diabetic range.
- < 7% Well-controlled Diabetic 7% – 8% Acceptable Diabetic control > 8%
- Poor Diabetic control needs attention.
What is the main cause of Diabetes?
Diabetes (Type 1) is usually a predisposed or genetically inherited condition. Diabetes (Type 2) is caused by lifestyle choices. Gestational Diabetes can be caused by either genetics or lifestyle choices.
What are the first signs of Diabetes?
- Excessive thirst over a prolonged period.
- Increased frequency in the need to urinate.
- Significant weight loss or gain.
- You find yourself fatigued, tired, and irritable, on a regular basis.
- Open or ruptured wounds take a long time to heal.
- Blurred vision.
- Tingling sensations in your hands and feet.
Can you get life insurance if you have Diabetes?
Yes. AllLife can help you get up to R10million life insurance, as either a Type 1 or Type 2 Diabetic.
Can I test myself for Diabetes?
Although you can easily test your own blood glucose levels at any time, only your doctor, nurse, or clinic team can confirm a Diabetes diagnosis. This is because a series of specific tests are required for diagnosis.
Getting tested for, monitoring and managing Diabetes
Getting tested for Diabetes is a process.
Your first day of living with Diabetes
If today’s your first day of living with this condition, it may just be the toughest of all.
Diabetes glossary for beginners
Understand common Diabetes terms.